Criminal Law What You Need To Know
Criminal law is a body of law which regards crime. It specifically prohibits conduct perceived to be harmful, menacing, threatening, or otherwise detrimental to the public security, welfare, and stability of individuals, inclusive of one's own self. The U.S. Attorneys General and Federal Government are responsible for determining which crimes fall within this category and enforcement of these laws.
Crimes fall under Criminal Law are categorized into two main groups: Misdemeanors and Felonies. Misdemeanors are considered minor crimes which carry fines, probation, or no jail time. Some common Misdemeanors include possession of marijuana, possession of crack, being caught with an open container of alcohol, driving under the influence, and petty theft. While felonies are considered violent offenses which may involve sentences of more than ten years.
English Common Law, also known as common law, formed the foundation of many modern-day penal codes. It followed what governments and its people believed was customary and normal. This system allowed for discrimination and sometimes even cruelty. It also allowed crimes to go unpunished if the victim could not afford to pay for the penalty. uae criminal law was made an even stronger branch of civil law by the Louisiana Revolution.
There are four distinct categories of crimes, all of which fall under criminal law. These include felonies, misdemeanors, infractions, and crimes against society. Each of these crimes has different penalties. Felonies are punishable by sentences of one year and more. Misdemeanors are punishable by sentences of less than a year and may be up to a year and a half in prison.
Criminal procedure also includes crimes against society, which are punishable by sentences of one year and more. All criminal procedures begin with a complaint, which is a formal written statement of the crime that has been committed. From there, a grand jury is likely to be seated and deliberate and decide whether or not to indict the defendant.
If an indictment is issued, then the criminal proceeding will move forward at this point. The defendant may face arraignment where their attorney will be able to enter into the court record a plea of either "not guilty" or "guilty." If the accused shows no willingness to enter into a plea bargain, they are proceeded to trial. Either way, criminal law cases are very complex. Therefore, it is imperative to hire a qualified criminal defense attorney to handle the case.